Winse Blog

走走停停, 熙熙攘攘, 忙忙碌碌, 不知何畏.

Git实现多地多版本协作

具体情况:

  • 网络的版本库 github.com/winse/winse.github.com
  • 笔记本 /d/winsegit/winse.github.com/
  • U盘 /?/works/winse.github.com (盘符会变化)

想实现:以笔记本电脑上的更新为主,辅之U盘上的修改(上班时可能进行更新)。

使用SVN基本没法实现这种功能的。原来也没有深入的学习git,看了《Git权威指南》后豁然开朗!

  • Git允许一个版本库和任意多个的版本库进行交互 (第十九章 远程版本库)
  • Git本地库即可以作为客户端,也可以作为其他库的服务端!

实际操作

  • 把笔记本的winse.github.com程序拷贝到U盘中
  • 为U盘的版本库添加远程版本库notebook
  • U盘版本库建立新分支
  • U盘修改提交并push到远程版本库notebook
  • 笔记本的版本库把新分支merge到master

第一步也可以直接使用git clone /d/winsegit/winse.github.com/,后面添加github网络的远程版本库remote-repo就是了。

命令

U盘数据更新提交到笔记本

$ git branch usb
$ git checkout usb
$ git add *got-git*
$ git commit -m definitive-guide-of-git

Winseliu@WINSE /i/works/winse.github.com (usb)
$ git remote add notebook /d/winsegit/winse.github.com/

Winseliu@WINSE /i/works/winse.github.com (usb)
$ git fetch notebook
From d:/winsegit/winse.github.com
 * [new branch]      master     -> notebook/master

Winseliu@WINSE /i/works/winse.github.com (usb)
$ git remote
notebook
origin

Winseliu@WINSE /i/works/winse.github.com (usb)
$ git  branch -r
  notebook/master
  origin/HEAD -> origin/master
  origin/master

Winseliu@WINSE /i/works/winse.github.com (usb)
$ git push notebook usb
Counting objects: 8, done.
Delta compression using up to 2 threads.
Compressing objects: 100% (4/4), done.
Writing objects: 100% (5/5), 490 bytes | 0 bytes/s, done.
Total 5 (delta 1), reused 0 (delta 0)
To d:/winsegit/winse.github.com/
 * [new branch]      usb -> usb

笔记本合并U盘提交的数据

Winseliu@WINSE /d/winsegit/winse.github.com (master)
$ git branch
* master
  usb

Winseliu@WINSE /d/winsegit/winse.github.com (master)
$ git cherry usb

Winseliu@WINSE /d/winsegit/winse.github.com (master)
$ git merge usb
Updating 9f7dff3..31ffaa9
Fast-forward
 bookreview/_posts/2013-10-27-got-git-the-definitive-guide-of-git.md | 5 +++++
 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 bookreview/_posts/2013-10-27-got-git-the-definitive-guide-of-git.md

U盘重新获取笔记本的数据合并到usb分支

Winseliu@WINSE /i/works/winse.github.com (usb)
$ git fetch notebook
From d:/winsegit/winse.github.com
   9f7dff3..31ffaa9  master     -> notebook/master

Winseliu@WINSE /i/works/winse.github.com (usb)
$ git merge master
Already up-to-date.

其他实践命令

远程版本库中包含的分支

Winseliu@WINSE /i/works/winse.github.com (usb)
$ git ls-remote --heads /d/winsegit/winse.github.com
9f7dff396b357ca23e1cd765a6dae4ade3417e15        refs/heads/master

查看远程分支

Winseliu@WINSE /i/works/winse.github.com (usb)
$ git branch -r
  new-remote/master
  origin/HEAD -> origin/master
  origin/master

添加的远程版本库重命名

Winseliu@WINSE /i/works/winse.github.com (usb)
$ git remote rename new-remote notebook

Git查看远程库路径

Administrator@WINSELIU /e/git/hello-clone (master)
$ git remote -v
origin  e:/git/hello (fetch)
origin  e:/git/hello (push)

查看全部的本地引用

Winseliu@WINSE /i/works/winse.github.com (usb)
$ git show-ref
9f7dff396b357ca23e1cd765a6dae4ade3417e15 refs/heads/master
31ffaa98d45eaccf8f9d0949fc1d4375f36f9edb refs/heads/usb
06f6c285b7402fb23a50ccb929b7cd84d98028e7 refs/remotes/origin/HEAD
06f6c285b7402fb23a50ccb929b7cd84d98028e7 refs/remotes/origin/master

查看哪些提交领先(未被推送到上游跟踪分支中)

Winseliu@WINSE /i/works/winse.github.com (usb)
$ git cherry master
+ 31ffaa98d45eaccf8f9d0949fc1d4375f36f9edb

各种引用ID之间转换

Winseliu@WINSE /d/winsegit/winse.github.com (master)
$ git rev-parse usb master
31ffaa98d45eaccf8f9d0949fc1d4375f36f9edb
9f7dff396b357ca23e1cd765a6dae4ade3417e15

–END